Culture Clash Led to Tuscarora War

A map of the Tuscarora War in North Carolina

On September 22, 1711, the Tuscarora Indians attacked settlers around the Neuse, Trent and Pamlico Rivers, beginning what would later become known as the Tuscarora War.

The conflict, which erupted between Native Americans and Swiss colonists, was fought mostly because of colonial encroachment on Native lands and because of mistreatment of the Indians by colonists. It came after colonists continually ignored treaties signed by their government and the Tuscarora.

After unsuccessfully requesting military aide from Virginia, colonial Governor Edward Hyde asked South Carolina for help. That colony sent Colonel James Moore, who marched his combined force of North and South Carolina militia and allied Indians to Nooherooka in Greene County. He had been informed that the Tuscarora had placed its largest concentration of warriors at a fort there.

The fort fell in March 1713, signaling the end of concerted Indian resistance to colonists. By the end of the Tuscarora War, approximately 200 whites and 1,000 Indians were killed, with an additional 1,000 Tuscaroras sold into slavery and more than 3,000 others forced from their homes.

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