The U.S. Enters World War I
On April 6, 1917, the United States entered World War I. That summer, Major General Leonard Wood, who was charged with selecting sites for new military camps, visited Charlotte as part of a tour of prospective sites in North Carolina. Wood chose Charlotte as the site for Camp Greene, a 2,300-acre military training facility for the United States Army.
Named for Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene, the camp was constructed in 90 days, and by December it was a temporary home to nearly 60,000 soldiers.
The camp boosted Charlotte’s flagging economy and the city’s population of 45,000 witnessed a major increase in jobs and wealth as restaurants, shops and other amusements directed at the soldiers were constructed. Unfortunately, the camp also spread communicable diseases. The winter of 1917 proved incredibly harsh as hundreds of soldiers and citizens succumbed to pneumonia. The following year, the influenza epidemic struck the camp and city.
The men who trained at Camp Greene and deployed to France saw some of the heaviest fighting of the war. At the war’s end, the camp was dismantled, and it was closed officially in June 1919.
Other related resources:
- The military collection of the State Archives
- Memories of World War I: North Carolina Doughboys on the Western Front and North Carolina and the Two World Wars from North Carolina Historical Publications
- Military history resource guide from the State Library
- Posters from World War I from the State Archives
- Saint Francis’s Satyr Butterfly, a poem on veterans by Jospeh Bathanti, North Carolina’s poet laureate
- Wildcats Never Quit, a resource on World War I from the State Archives, State Library and N.C. Museum of History
- World War I on NCpedia
- Veterans records from the State Archives
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